Scaffolding is also referred as scaffold or staging, which is a provisional structure used for supporting a work team and materials to assist in the construction, repairs and maintenance of buildings, tall residential as well as commercial structures, bridges including all types of manmade structures. Let’s take a look at the basic components that are used in scaffolding.
The Essential Components of the Scaffolding
The standards also known as uprights; they are perpendicular tubes that shift the entire weight of the structure to the ground where they lean on a square base plate to scatter the weight.
Ledgers are flat tubes that join between the standards.
Transoms lean on the ledgers at the right angles. Major transoms are positioned next to the standards; they support the standards that are in place and give support for the boards. To render additional support for the boards, intermediate transoms are placed between the main transoms.
Other Basic Components of the Scaffolding
- Scaffold Tubes
- Scaffold Couplers
- Adjustable Base Plates
- Diagonal Braces
- Toe Boards
Scaffold tubes are generally made of aluminium or steel though there is composite scaffolding that utilises fibril-wound tubes of glass fibre in a polyester or nylon matrix due to the high cost of composite tube, which is normally used only when there is a danger from overhead electric cables that can’t be cut off.
Couplers are fittings that hold the tubes together. The most familiar are known as scaffold couplers and there are three basic types, which are Putlog Couplers, Right-angle Couplers and Swivel Couplers.
You can select from different height-adjustable base plates that come with strong and self-cleaning round threads to adjust to the ground. It comes with colour and notch markings to render safeguard against over-winding.
The diagonal braces with wedge locks further support the basic structure comprising of vertical standards and ledgers. Additionally, their high connection standards assist special structures.
Between vertical standards, toe boards are placed. Toe boards are obtainable in aluminium, steel or wood. The toe board of steel lowers the fire hazard and also lasts long. Because of its design, there are no openings or gaps between the deck and the toe board.
Decks are also referred as planks and they are available in aluminium, aluminium frame with plywood board and hot-dip galvanised steel. Decks are a structural component and so ledgers aren’t needed at the deck level, which not only saves cost but also weight.
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